The third unit of Global Gender Issues looks at transnational reproduction in two countries. The first book you will read for this unit, Wombs in Labor, studies transnational commercial surrogacy and the women who serve as surrogate mothers in India. The second, Pregnant on Arrival, examines the debates and legislation surrounding the transnational immigration of pregnant Nigerian women into Ireland. The essay assignment is intended to help you reflect on these controversial examples of transnational reproduction. The transnational aspects of Indian surrogacy and Irish immigration complicate conventional understandings of reproduction, motherhood, and family.
1.Explain how transnational processes, especially increased global connectivity and persistent global inequalities, complicate conventional understandings of reproduction, motherhood, and family.
2.Explain why the examples of surrogate mothers in India and Nigerian immigrant mothers in Ireland provide important insights into this process.
3.Analyze the formal and informal disciplinary strategies aimed at Indian surrogate and Nigerian immigrant mothers and how they complicate conventional understandings ..
.4.Analyze the ways that surrogate and immigrant mothers use and subvert traditional notions of reproduction, motherhood, and family to assert agency despite their marginalized social positions.
Be sure to acknowledge differences within and between the two countries/peoples to avoid stereotyping and/or essentializing them. Words like many, most, some, often, sometimes, etc. are particularly useful for this purpose.
Be sure to engage directly with the two major sources, Wombs in Labor: Transnational Commercial Surrogacy in India and Pregnant on Arrival: Making the Illegal Immigrant.
Be sure to include at least four different primary sources from the PowerPoint slides, a minimum of two for each case study (India and Ireland). Sources will vary in importance according to the option you choose and the way you chose to develop it. In general, the more time that we spent in class with a source, the more you should consider including it in your essay.
Citing Sources: Youll need to cite your sources, but to keep things simple you can use the following code:
WL for Wombs in Labor and PA for Pregnant on Arrival.
The other sources should be cited by name in the text. In the case of the books, you should also include page numbers or some other location indicator, so a citation would look like this: (PA183). Technical Requirements:
Papers should be 7-8 pages in length (1,800 to 2,000 words), double-spaced, with standard margins and standard fonts. Its okay if your paper runs a bit long but please keep it under 2,200 words.
Grading Criteria: a clearly stated, carefully developed thesis (point of view, central argument) appropriate examples (both general and specific) from the readings and films careful analysis (that connects the examples to the argument) good overall organization coherent, thematically-unified paragraphs well-constructed, grammatically accurate sentences