Assignment 1.1: Industrialization After the Civil War Thesis and Outline
Due Week 3 and worth 70 points
After the Civil War, the United States became a much more industrialized society. Between 1865 and 1920, industrialization improved American life in many ways. However, industrialization also created problems for American society. Consider events that took place after the Civil War and discuss ways that industrialization affected the U.S. between 1865 and 1920.
- Write a thesis statement that is one to two (1-2) sentences long in which you:
- State your thesis on how industrialization after the Civil War influenced U.S. society, economy, and politics. Justify your response.
For the first part of this assignment you will create a thesis statement. A thesis statement is usually a single sentence somewhere in your first paragraph that presents your main idea to the reader. The body of the essay organizes the material you gather and present in support of your main idea. Keep in mind that a thesis is an interpretation of a question or subject, not the subject itself. (Note: Please consult the Purdue OWL Website with tips on how to construct a proper thesis; the website can be found at: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/545/01/
For the next part of this assignment you will create an outline of the main points you want to address in this paper. This outline will serve as the basis for your Assignment 1.2 Final Draft. (Note: Please use the Purdue Owl Website to assist you with this assignment; this website can be accessed at: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/engagement/2/2/55/
- Write a one to two (1-2) page outline in which you:
- List three (3) major aspects of industrialization between 1865 and 1920. In your response, consider society, the economy, and politics.
- List five (5) specific groups that were affected by industrialization. Provide two (2) examples for each group describing how the group was affected. (Consider issues such as race, ethnicity, gender, child labor, etc.)
- List five (5) ways that industrialization affected the life of the average working American during this period.
- Use at least three (3) academic references besides or in addition to the textbook. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
- Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
- Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
- Identify and discuss the different ways that the Civil War, Reconstruction, and Industrialization after the Civil War have shaped America’s history.
- Summarize and discuss the ways that formal policies of government have influenced the direction of historical and social development in the United States.
- Recognize the major turning points in American history since the Civil War.
- Use technology and information resources to research issues in contemporary U.S. history.
- Write clearly and concisely about contemporary U.S. history using proper writing mechanics.
PAID ASSIGNMENT TURNED IN:
A look into the industrialization after Civil War shows that industrialization had both positive and negative impacts to the society, economy and politics of the United States. After the Civil War, America went from being an agricultural state to being industrialized. Industrialization was able to peak due to availability of resources such as oil, iron ore and timber. Labor was also in plenty due to its immigrants. There emerged business leaders who were very talented. There was also the improvement and development of technology.
The major aspects of industrialization were: the railroads that had been built encouraged settlement of immigrants to the West which meant there was increase in labor to boost the industrialization process. During the Civil War, the US gained a lot of capital which made investments into industries and factories possible. Foreign investors also took part in the growth of industrialization. The government implemented policies that protected the factories and industries that had emerged. For example, it maintained low taxes and kept high tariffs and also did not interfere with the process.
Groups affected by industrialization were the Native Americans. This group faced displacement from their homes and also reduction of the land they owned as more and more immigrants moved to the US. They also faced fear of the unknown as they did not know what the immigrants would bring with them. Another group affected were the immigrants. Since they were many in number, the local governments could not handle settling all of them. Resources were also limited and many suffered out in the streets. The farmers at the time were also affected. While demand for their agricultural products increased due to the growing population, prices went down and services they required to produce went up. Even transportation costs increased when it came to transporting their goods through rail. There were no government policies that were in favor of the farmers and this put a strain on their lives.
Nonwhite settlers were also affected as they were forced to live in areas of land which were not convenient for them to access basic needs. Most were also employed with little to no pay as their employers viewed them as intruders. Children of the immigrants were also affected by the industrialization. Their families moved to the cities to try and get better living standards but this was not the case. People were forced to work for many hours and yet received very low pay. In most families, all able parties, including children were expected to work so as to survive. Many children were therefore forced into tedious jobs that lasted more than half a day. Also affected were the wealthy business men. They so an opportunity to invest in factories and industries. They also took advantage of the labor provided by the immigrants and paid the workers very little despite the jobs done.
Industrialization affected the life of the Average American at the time in many ways. Due to the economic growth in the country, there was development of economic classes which placed most people as middle income earners due to development of white collar jobs. Most Americans also lived in fear due to the growing population. The economy of the land eventually stabilized which means most people lived comfortably. Low food prices meant that the working American could provide good food for their families without much strain. The increase in investments also meant increase in jobs and for most Americans this was not difficult to get a well-paying job as most manual and low paying jobs were left for the immigrants. The average American got to thrive and was able to improve their social and economic standings. The railroad transportation made it possible for people to travel from place to place making trade and business much simpler and hence beneficial to the working American.
Chen, S., Loayza, N., & Reynal-Querol, M. (2007). The aftermath of civil war. [Washington, D.C]: World Bank, Development Research Group, Growth and Macroeconomics Team.
Link, W. & Link, S. (2012). The Gilded Age and Progressive Era. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Wallmeier, F. (2011). Industrialization. Stuttgart: Klett.